Nowadays, teenagers seems to be very close with the technology. Most frequently used technology is the internet as through the internet, we can get any information within a second. The way we communicate with friends from all over the world will be minimized as it took not much time in sending any news through emails or just saying 'hi' through the messenger application besides using the other technology such as telephone.

The university students also cannot get rid from using the well known world wide technology which is internet, as there are wireless internet facility provided for them at the hostel and also computers with the internet access in the computer labs. They will use this facility during the class either with permission or without permission from the lecturers or the lab instructor.

Our group have decided to focus our research on the usage of the internet during the class especially during the lab sessions. This is because of the existence of the computer and also internet facility in the Center of Modern Language and Human Sciences (CMLHS) labs and Faculty of Computer Sciences (FSK) labs.

The research is about the misuse of the internet facility which is provided by the university for the students supposedly for searching the information or the study materials. However, the students are using this facility for their own stuff such as updating their social networking sites such as Facebook or Myspace, downloading the songs or even chatting with their friends through Yahoo Messenger or Skype.


I've looked at all the articles - all seem very interesting. But please focus on your RQ when you write your literature review. Good job! Ainol


Research Question: What are the effects of surfing internet?
Possible Answers: The effects of surfing internet are displacing valuable time with family and friends; effect the academic achievement, financial problems, and having low social skills and confidence.
Yang S.C, Tung C.J
~The analytical results revealed that Internet addicts spent almost twice as many hours on line on average than the non-addicts
~students with personalities characterized by dependence, shyness, depression and low self-esteem had a high tendency to become addicted.
~Internet provides a new communication medium that enables access to vast amounts of information across a wide variety of topics
~Anecdotal and empirical evidence shows growing problems of Internet related harassment, stalking, and pornography.
~high school students displayed problematic consequences of Internet dependence, for example skipping meals, losing sleep and study time, increasing financial costs for on-line activity, and rearranging daily routines or even neglecting studies to spend more time online.
~reduced the time spent
with family and friends while increasing time in front of their computers
~Kandell (1998) found that the Internet can be used to enhance developmental needs and thus obtain and maintain meaningful interpersonal relationships and intimacy.
~Kandell (1998), Lin and Tsai (2002) and Chou and Hsiao (2000), that both the addict
and non-addict groups saw the Internet as positively influencing their relationships with friends/schoolmates
Iacovelli A, Valenti S
~increase in communications brought about by Internet usage actually had negative effects on user’s psychological well-being and social involvement.
~face-to-face contact promotes the development of rapport and thereby individuals that use the internet excessively will lack these necessary social skills
~Internet use can displace
valuable time that people spend with family and friends, which leads to smaller social circles and higher levels of loneliness, stress, and depressive symptoms (Nie, Hillygus, & Erbring, 2002).
~The consequences of excessive usage have been documented as neglect of academic, work, and domestic responsibilities, disruption of relationships, social isolation, and financial problems (Egger & Rauterberg, 1996; Griffiths, 2000; Young, 1996).
~research indicates that access, anonymity, and autonomy are the aspects of online communications that aid in the surfacing of psychopathology when the individual is offline (Suler, 2004).
~some psychologists believe that traumatic experiences tend to cause certain people to gravitate towards excessive Internet usage. Therefore, it is believed that these excessive behaviors actually function to reduce anxiety as a strategy to manage stress (Hardie & Tee, 2007).
~Socially inhibited individuals, as the evidence suggests, tend to be lonely, lack necessary social skills to form and develop close
interpersonal relationships, and harbor negative perceptions of others (Wittenberg & Reis, 1986).
~social problem solving
and empathy are less developed in socially inhibited people (Bengtsgard & Bohlin, 2001).
~displacement of strong ties because the quality of online relationships are lower than that of face-to-face relationships
~individuals that use the internet excessively rate themselves as being more depressed and socially
~excessive Internet usage demonstrate higher emotional loneliness, or lack of a truly intimate tie,
~lack of a network of social relationships with peers,
Yellowlees P.M, Marks S
~individuals who are vulnerable, especially with a history of impulse control and addictive disorders, are especially at risk of using the Internet in a problematic way.
~(Chou, 2001; Treuer, Fabian,
& Furedi, 2001), excessive amounts of time spent online, compulsive use of the Internet,
difficulty in managing the time spent on the Internet, feeling that the world outside
of the Internet is boring, becoming irritated if disturbed
~increased loneliness and depression (Nalwa & Anand, 2003; Whang, Lee, & Chang, 2003).
~others have described a cognitivebehavioral model (Davis, 2001) where Internet addiction may result when some psychological factor causes an individual to be vulnerable to dependence on new online content.
~Students who use the Internet excessively are also very likely to favor online activities over sleep, and in at least one study, only sleep patterns distinguished high users from low users (Anderson, 2001).
~students become so involved with using the Internet that
they miss class or skip exams, even when they know they might fail their classes (Chou, 2001; Tsai & Lin, 2003).
Odaci H, Kalkan M
~Internet use of 5 h a day and more is regarded as problematic.
~ that individuals with low social skills experience greater dating anxiety
~ Dating anxiety, defined as anxiety felt over initiating or maintaining a romantic liaison, is correlated with such states as loneliness, depression and substance dependence (Glickman & La Greca, 2004)
~Research has shown a positive correlation between problematic Internet use and shyness, loneliness and avoiding social relations
~individuals with a high level of loneliness having low self esteem and being pessimistic in social relations
~difficulty in establishing eye contact, reluctance to speak,
sweating in proximity to the opposite sex and blushing, impede genuine romantic relationships
~Excessive use of the Internet may cause students to experience significant academic problems, eventually resulting in poor grades, academic probation and even expulsion from universities (Chou & Hsiao, 2000;Wainer et al., 2008).
The findings of the research reveal that students forming dating relationships online have a significantly higher level of problematic